Medical condition


young womans face with acne skin in zoom circle pimples red scars rash on cheeks

What Causes Acne?

Acne can be caused by

  • An excess of sebum (oil) in the skin that obstructs hair follicles, leading to the creation of pimples.
  • Hormonal shifts, particularly during puberty, can trigger this overproduction of sebum.
  • When these two factors are combined, bacteria like P. acnes are more likely to thrive and multiply.

Key Information

Some medical research suggests that avoiding extremely high intakes of dairy and sugary products with a high Glycaemic Index (GI) may be beneficial for those with acne.

Foods that are considered low GI include vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, fish, and whole grain breads and cereals. 

While dietary changes may not be a standalone solution for acne, they can certainly help accelerate the progress of acne treatment and improve overall skin health. Combining a healthy diet with medical treatments can provide the best results in managing acne and preventing further scarring.


  • Cleanser (non-soap)- Gentle, pH balanced cleansing gel
  • Toner- Balances and restores skin microbiome.
  • Lactic acid, salicylic acid - To resurface, hydrate, calm and balance oil flow.
  • 21% zinc oxide moisturiser with SPF 15 PA+++ - Calms skin redness and promotes healing and minimises excess oil flow and breakouts.


  • Cleanser (non-soap)- Gentle, pH balanced cleansing gel
  • Toner- Balances and restores skin microbiome.
  • Niacinamide (B3)- Reduces breakouts and congestion by regulating oil flow.
  • Retinol- Regulates epidermal turnover, oil production and reduces inflammation.
  • Water-based moisturiser- Lightweight, non-comedogenic, oil-free formula.

Benzoyl peroxide

This works by killing the bacteria that can contribute to acne and reducing inflammation. It is available in various strengths, from 2.5% to 10%, and is often found in creams, gels, and washes.

Azelaic acid

Azelaic acid is a topical medication that can be used to treat mild to moderate acne. It works by reducing inflammation, preventing the formation of clogged hair follicles, killing acne-causing bacteria, and protecting the skin from damage. It's available both by prescription and over-the-counter, and is generally safe and well-tolerated.

Salicylic acid

Salicylic acid is a beta-hydroxy acid that can penetrate the pores and help remove excess oil and dead skin cells, which can contribute to the formation of acne.

It's important to note that everyone's skin is different, so what works for one person may not work for another. It's a good idea to consult with Dr Tina if over-the-counter products aren't effective or if your acne is severe. Early assessment and treatment can avoid unwanted scarring and often require only a shorter course of treatment.



Book in for a skin consultation with Dr Tina for an individualised acne treatment plan.  Your best treatment will often depend on your age, gender, triggers and causes of your acne.

Dr Tina can advise on a combination including:

Aftercare Instructions for Acne

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Schedule a Consultation

Call us on 07 3852 4878 or simply book an appointment